Most diseases are dreaded, but one amongst the top 3 dreaded diseases is definitely cancer. To explain simply, Cancer is an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells which causes disruption of normal activities of the cells. Cells that are supposed to die to give way to new cells do not and do not allow normal cells also to grow properly, leading to huge masses that develop in the affected organs The larger fear is that they spread to surrounding tissues too, which results in spread of cancer across the body.

There are 2 dreaded cancers in women – breast cancer and cervical cancer. Today we shall give you some basic information about Cervical cancer to understand it better.

Cervical Cancer

The uterus has 2 parts – the body and the cervix.  The baby grows in the upper part, called the body of the uterus. The lower part known as the cervix connects the body of the uterus to the vagina, or birth canal.

The Cancer of the cervix begins in the lining of the cervix and forms slowly. Initially some cells begin to change from normal to pre-cancer and then to cancer. This could take years, but sometimes can be faster. These changes called dysplasia is the growth of an organ or tissue by the increase in abnormal type cells. They can be diagnosed by the Pap smear test, which is the most common test for cancer and could be used to treat cancer if it is detected.

Cancer of the cervix is of 2 main types. About 80 to 90 percentage are squamous cell carcinomas. These squamous cells are the main part of our skin. When seen under the microscope, this type of cancer is made up of cells that are like squamous cells that cover the surface of the cervix. Most of the rest are adenocarcinomas i.e Cancer that forms in the glandular cells of the esophagus. These cancers start in the gland cells that make mucus. There is also another kind of cancer that has the features of both the above types and is called mixed carcinoma.

There are certain facts that we all tend to miss. It has been observed that women with early cervical cancers and pre-cancers rarely experience any physical symptoms, until a pre-cancer becomes a full-blown cancer. It is only when the the body begins to indicate anything. .

So the most important thing is to find it early. Routine Pap screenings are particularly vital in finding and treating cervical cancer, and other reproductive cancers like ovarian cancer, as early as possible. What the Pap test does is to locate abnormal cells in the cervix which can then be monitored and treated if necessary.

Let us now look at some signs from your body that could indicate Cervical cancer

  1. Irregular Bleeding

One of the most common symptoms of cervical cancer is irregular vaginal bleeding, which a lot of women tend to wave off. This irregular bleeding could take place between menstrual periods. Sometimes menstrual bleeding may even become heavier and last longer than usual.

Important – A major warning sign of cervical cancer or other problems is vaginal bleeding during the post-menopausal period in women. 

  1. Unusual Vaginal Discharge

Several types of vaginal discharge also act as warning signs that cancer could be inhabiting your cervical region.. If the discharge is continuous and shows any of the following characteristics you should ensure that get the proper medical attention required

  1. Pale
  2. Watery
  3. Brown
  4. Foul-smelling
  5. Tinged with blood 
  1. Pelvic Pain

If someone experiences pain during intercourse or even during regular everyday activities, it would be better to get yourself checked for cervical cancer. It could hint at uncharacteristic changes to the cervix. The chances of cervical cancer spreading within the pelvis is very high.

Signs of Cervical Cancer in Advanced Stages

Most women miss these signs of cervical cancer since there is hardly any awareness about it. It is important to discuss and share these symptoms with your colleagues and friends to make sure the women can understand.So no one looks for these signs due to ignorance about it.

Some of the signs of advanced cervical cancer are:

  • Back or pelvic pain
  • Difficulty going to the bathroom due to obstruction
  • Swelling in one or both of the legs
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss

The above symptoms could also be of infections or any other problem, but it is always better to get expert opinions at the earliest and not delay the diagnosis

For more information and helpful guidance feel free to reach out to the Medical Team at One Life Home Healthcare to have a checkup done at the comfort of your home.