A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off. The cells in that part of the brain begin to die and consequently, the abilities controlled by that part of the brain is lost. After an episode of stroke, stroke rehabilitation is the road to a comprehensive recovery. The objective of stroke rehabilitation is to improve the quality of their living by helping them-
- regain lost abilities
- learn to live independently at home
- deal with the changes to the brain and the body caused by the stroke
- take steps to prevent strokes in the future
Depending on the severity of the stroke, a patient generally makes the most progress in regaining his lost skills during the first few months after the stroke. Therefore, it is important to start rehabilitation as soon as the patient is in a stable condition. It usually commences in the hospital itself. After the patient is discharged from the hospital, a patient can choose to receive rehabilitation treatment at home or at rehabilitation centers.
Rehabilitation programs vary from patient to patient depending on the severity of the stroke and the part of the body that is affected by stroke. Stroke rehabilitation programs may involve:
- Exercises to develop muscle strength, and improve mobility
- Speech practice in order to help patients to improve their speech and relearn to swallow
- Counseling sessions to help patients mentally and emotionally cope with their condition
- Occupational therapy to help patients go about their daily activities independently like eating, dressing, bathing, and using the toilet
- Drawing up a diet plan to help patients recover faster and also to avoid incidences of stroke in the future
As enlisted above a rehabilitation program has a holistic approach to healing, thus improving the quality of life of the patient.
Rehabilitation is an enduring process, even a lifelong process for some. It can be tedious and depressing. Support from friends and family can make it easier. Finding support groups and talking to a counselor may also help patients feel better.
At One Life, our Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation team follows a comprehensive approach to treatment that addresses physical, emotional and psychological needs of the patients and their families. Our neurological physiotherapy techniques help stroke patients increase strength, flexibility, coordination, and balance.